Enrique is a behavioral scientist. He is also a Professor of Economics at the School of Business and Economics (Loughborough University), and a Senior Fellow at the University of Pennsylvania (and a proud alma mater of the Master of Behavioral Decision Sciences program there). Enrique serves as an Associate editor in two excellent journals: Judgement and Decision Making and the Journal of Economic Psychology. You should very seriously consider submitting your work to us.
Enrique is currently doing laboratory and field work studying the behavioral consequences of conflict, the determinants of social change, and polishing behavioral models of bounded rationality. As my Scholar webpage suggests, my research fields are (as of today) behavioral economics, public economics, organizational behavior, industrial organization and the economics of conflict. Among other funding bodies, the Economic and Social Research Council, the National Science Foundation, the European Union, and the World Bank have funded my research, and he is extremely grateful for their support.
(2009). “Globalization and human cooperation.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(11), 4138-4142.
Globalization magnifies the problems that affect all people and that require large-scale human cooperation, for example, the overharvesting of natural resources and human-induced global warming. However, what does globalization imply for the cooperation needed to address such global social dilemmas? Two competing hypotheses are offered. One hypothesis is that globalization prompts reactionary movements that reinforce parochial distinctions among people.
Large-scale cooperation then focuses on favoring one’s own ethnic, racial, or language group. The alternative hypothesis suggests that globalization strengthens cosmopolitan attitudes by weakening the relevance of ethnicity, locality, or nationhood as sources of identification. In essence, globalization, the increasing interconnectedness of people worldwide, broadens the group boundaries within which individuals perceive they belong. We test these hypotheses by measuring globalization at both the country and individual levels and analyzing the relationship between globalization and individual cooperation with distal others in multilevel sequential cooperation experiments in which players can contribute to individual, local, and/or global accounts.
Our samples were drawn from the general populations of the United States, Italy, Russia, Argentina, South Africa, and Iran. We find that as a country and individual levels of globalization increase, so too does individual cooperation at the global level vis-à-vis the local level. In essence, “globalized” individuals draw broader group boundaries than others, eschewing parochial motivations in favor of cosmopolitan ones. Globalization may thus be fundamental in shaping contemporary large-scale cooperation and maybe a positive force toward the provision of global public goods.